Dankiyo is an ancient word from the text of Evliya Çelebi (17th century, Ottoman Era "The Laz's of Trebizond invented a bagpipe called a dankiyo..."  describing the Pontian tulum, a type of bagpipe which the ancient Greeks called an askavlo (aski – skin, avlo – flute). It consists of a lamb skin, a blow pipe, and the double reed chanter.
The dankiyo is played in small villages near Trabzon and Rize. A similar type of bagpipe possessing less holes can be found on the islands of Greece. Its use is also widespread in the prefecture of Macedonia in Northern Greece amongst Pontian Greek populations. What differentiates the dankiyo from other bagpipes is that the dankiyo does not use a separate pipe for the drone. Instead, the sound is created by two reeds in the chanter.
< Ancient Greek To ankiyo, angion (ἀγγεῖον) "skin, bagpipe"
< Ancient Greek: To angion (Τὸ ἀγγεῖον) "the vessel". Can also be interpreted as "the container".
Parts of the instrument Edit
The Pontian Touloum is made up of these parts:
- Post - Skin (bag) : Animal Skin
- Fisaktir - blowpipe : Wood or Bone
- Avlos - flute : Wood & Reeds
- Kalame - Reeds: Reeds
- Özhan Öztürk (2005). Karadeniz: Ansiklopedik Sözlük. 2 Cilt. Heyamola Yayıncılık. İstanbul. ISBN 975-6121-00-9tr:Dankiyo