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Template:Cleanup-translation Template:Listen The dūdas is a type of bagpipe native to Latvia and Estonia. people's favorite It was popular from the 16th to 18th centuries. The instrument is believed to have first appeared in Livonia in the 15th century, with the first documentary evidence of such appearing in the 16th century. The 1550 publication "Cosmographey" shows images of a witch and devils dancing accompanied by a bagpiper, a lutanist, and a hurdy-gurdy player. It is not clear whether the instrument in the drawing is meant to be representative of native Latvian instruments, or is taken from general European artwork.


For instance, Baltazar Rusova Livonian chronicle written in the English peasant description: "As early as Saturday charade farmers from a large distance to the wives, daughters and servants, and immediately resorted to drinking. hornpipe was almost audible miles away, the hilarity around the wolf night until morning. To God Worship peasants came iedzērušies and drunk, they talked so much that the pastor of their noise or lost consciousness. And when they, just as clever, as entered, again left the church, then began again drinking, dancing, songs and friskiness that the big noise, his wife and daughter singing, and no DUDU of many sounds, a person could lose consciousness. "[2]

Playing the dūdas was banned from 1753 on, but the greatest work of destroying the dūdas tradition was done by the hernhūtiešu organization, Vidzeme regions where hernhūtiešu congregations were the most active, were collected and destroyed almost all the instruments, along with it from this region are retained a little more ancient layer of traditional muzišānas trail.

At the end of the 19th century, such musical instruments had disappeared throughout most of Latvia, and only in Alsunga were pipers stil present in the 20th century. The best-known of these was the bagpiper Peter Šeflers.

Modern usesEdit

DUDU game returned to Latvia with folk movement upswing 20. gs. 70 and 80 years. The first DUDU spēlmaņi is considered Stalts Dainis, Valdis and Muktupāvels Maris, Maris Jansons. The instruments were being re-using samples, which were found in the historical archives of the museum, as well as the reconstruction was performed after documented DUDU images. 20 th century. 90 years have been attempts to combine the Latvian DUDU players in one group "bagpiper". 2000 was mūziaks recording company "River" was issued in Latvia's entry DUDU collectors album "hornpipe Latvia [3] From the year 2003 in Latvia operate DUDU drums and the band" Auli "which is played by both traditional Latvian DUDU meldiņus, as well as forming their own compositions and enjoys considerable popularity in Latvia.lv:Dūdas#D.C5.ABdas_Latvij.C4.81

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