The cabrette (French: literally "little goat", alternately musette) is a type of bagpipe which appeared in Auvergne, France in the 19th century, and rapidly spread to Haute-Auvergne and Aubrac.

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The cabrette consists of a chanter for playing the melody, and a drone but it is not always closed functional, which allows the dominant serious note of the instrument to both as a rhythmic effect and harmonic pedal. Though descended from earlier mouth-blown bagpipes, bellows were added to the cabrette in the mid-19th century. It is said that Joseph Faure, of Saint-Martin-de-Fugères en Haute-Loire, first applied a bellows to the cabrette. Faure, a carpenter stricken with lung disease, was inspired when he used a bellows to start a fire.


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See alsoEdit

  • Chabrette, a similarly named bagpipe used in the Limousin region of central France

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